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0000002771 00000 n Additionally, Roger Craig, Dwight Clark, and Tom Rathman were among many Pro-Bowl caliber players on offense during this era. What the West Coast offense does is exploit the natural holes and weaknesses of a defensive formation or structure with short, fast, precisely timed passes before the defense can flow to the ball, or drop to their coverage areas (these are the planes that initially attack strong-points to soften defenses for the tanks). Hi-Lo Credit: NFL Game Rewind - Anytime you see receivers in a stack look. West coast is primarily about syncing up the QBs footwork with the receivers routes. More like you only need two or three at most. If you have any requests you would like to make, please reach out and comment below. Many of these pass protections are the gold-standard for pass protections in the NFL today. If the OLB blitzes, the back then becomes the hot receiver, and replaces the OLBs position to get open. Walsh believed so firmly the importance of the three-step or five-step drop back by the quarterback and there are specific reasons for this. Walsh's original West Coast offense was built around Joe Montana's specific strengths and the players he had to work with. If youre still confused about the orientation of the numbering system, remember this: They are oriented based on the location of the TE. use. Walsh then added more layers by sending players in motion to create mismatches and used the passing game to set the tempo of the game. This makes it a quick pass, where the line and backs will block aggressively and hold the defense at the line of scrimmage. The concept exploits the aggressiveness of the defense, as the passing plays are based on faking the most successful running plays. His very popular version of the offense averaged scoring a touchdown every ten plays and once scored 98 points in a single game. Watch for defenders dropping back in buzz zones as they do a good job at defending corner routes. From Bill Walsh's San Francisco 49ers juggernaut, to Brigham Young University's record-smashing Cougars, to the 1997 Super Bowl Champion Green Bay Packers, this passing attack is a proven winner. Football's West Coast Offense. Air raid is a spread passing attack looking to throw the ball to 5 playmakers in space using triangle reads. Unlike the west coast offense which has landmarks of exactly, to the inch, where a receiver should end their route- the Air Raid lives on spontaneity and adjusting based on space. The West Coast offenses core elements are rhythm, timing, and ball protection. With that said, Im happy to have you on the site and hope I can help you out in achieving your goals! link to 17+ Basketball Games for Kids The Ultimate List, link to What Is a Secondary in Football? 280 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 282 /H [ 712 738 ] /L 680989 /E 4908 /N 67 /T 675270 >> endobj xref 280 11 0000000016 00000 n They then would blitz the quarterback using a zone blitz in an attempt to disrupt their timing. The back faking with the QB attacks the inside A-gap (between center and guard) and check releases reading Mike to Sam linebacker, and the non-faking back attacks the B-gap and check-releases reading Sam to the next outside threat. Paperback - July 29, 1997. The West Coast offense was one of the most revolutionary offenses when it first hit the scene. Both backs free release to the backside, and the O-line scat protects to the weak-side (guard/uncovered lineman double reads ILB to OLB). Every NFL team's offensive scheme, illustrated and explained - Washington Post From run-pass options to the West Coast offense: Breaking down all 32 offensive schemes in the NFL. Coach Bill Walsh is credited with inventing this system as a Quarterbacks Coach for the Cincinnati Bengals. The comeback has the receiver taking an outside release and running about 18-20 yards up the field. Rip/Liz only applies to the weak-side (so 54 is TE to the right, meaning weak side is left, so Liz is ran. Both backs flow weak, and check release. NEW System Evolutions. 0000001747 00000 n July 14, 2006, 12:04 pm ET. In most conventional offenses, the idea is to run the ball to draw the safeties and linebackers in closer to the line of scrimmage, thus opening up . west coast offense orientation & terminology start from scratch when learning it. The route involves a MOFO or MOFC read by the quarterback. . Still, Reids offense led the NFL in yards after the catch in the 2020 season due to the extremely talented pass-catching duo of Tyreek Hill and Travis Kelce. For quarterbacks, these backs and tight-ends often serve check-down roles, meaning if the primary receivers in the progression arent open, the QB finds these players for an easy release valve rather than holding onto the ball and risking a sack. Cook, who was drafted as a big-armed, vertical passer, no longer had the arm strength to throw the ball deep. The play is basic, with two curl-flat combinations either side of the formation and a receiver spotting . Omaha is a quick pass that features a receiver running a quick out route. A popular way offenses like to attack zone coverage is flood one side of the field with mutiple receivers. In American football, the West Coast offense is an offense that places a greater emphasis on passing than on running. The inside receiver, runs a wheel route down the sideline. 101 Plays from The Coastal Carolina Offense, 101 Plays from the College Playoff Book Bundle, 101 Plays from the Georgia Offense - 2022, 101 Plays from the 2022 Ohio State Offense. The offense splits the outside wide receivers in "plus splits", which means outside the numbers. Since the West Coast system has so many pass catchers on the field, when a defensive player blitzes, the quarterback just needs to find the open, unguarded player. Diverse backgrounds bring fresh ideas and challenging perspectives that's nothing but good news for an Eagles offense that smashed its skull against the same West Coast spacing concepts. This site requires JavaScript to run correctly. Pocket/Cup Protection: Your center and guards protect the center-three defenders of the defense. we call plays in the following series: a) teens: all runs. The TE free releases by default, because now both backs are coming to their side. The weak back and guard double read ILB to OLB to the weak side, and the back check-releases vs. no blitz. Updated on 02/21/19. This is necessary, because both backs are going strong-side, giving the O-line no potential help to the weak-side. The West Coast offense is a fast-paced system that relies on short and quick throws to sure-handed receivers who run precise horizontal routes. This includes swing passes to the Running Backs and hitches to the Tight End with a regular route tree for receivers. For clips of this version of the concept try here and here. The second and more common passing concept is the five-step drop back. BYU Offense.doc. The terminology you will see in this article are being borrowed from this. Two digits. Since this article is about pass protection, we will cover what in Walshs system are the 20s, 50s, 70s, 80s, and a BASIC introduction to 2/3 Jet protection. A Complete Overview. When the offense feels this is happening, they often take chances by throwing the ball deep down the field. If you call the protection to the right, that means the offensive linemen on that side will BOB protect. Using a numbering system and relying on mostly pocket and slide (half-slide) protections, Bill Walsh and his coaching staffs compiled a system that would allow them to flood the field with receivers from all sorts of different angles and personnel groupings, while also giving them multiple ways to protect the QB from the wide range of defensive schemes and blitzes. The Dagger is a two receiver route combo that has the outside receiver running a dig route, while the inside receiver next to him runs a streak down the seam. In todays NFL, you can find the West Coast Offenses influence within almost every team, and find legacies of the Bill Walsh coaching tree on almost every coaching staff. Oct 15, 2020. When there are two backs in the backfield, they essentially cross each other off the snap. Regular five-on-five basketball is a fun game on its own, but its always nice to have some variety in the types of games that can be played, especially with kids. First, our offense uses "precision-timed passing, variable formations, and the exploitation of each player's skills" (quote by Bill Walsh) to attack the opposition. Due to its quick horizontal passes, the defense cant crowd the line of scrimmage, leading to linebackers playing in coverage against the quicker wide receivers. Recently with Patrick Mahomes, arguably the best quarterback in the league, he has moved into more shotgun formations allowing Mahomes more freedom with his decision-making. Compared to other offensive systems, this style has been said to nickel and dime the defense, due to its short passing attempts, and has led to amazing success by countless teams throughout the years and is a staple in the NFL. Defenses then developed the zone defense, where defensive players would cover a certain part of the field rather than a certain player. The West Coast Offense is a philosophy that remains relevant at every level of competition. There will be two wide receivers on the line of scrimmage on either side of the field. But, two statements do help explain what it is all about. If a run is called with pass tagged onto it, like 16 power pass, or 19 BOB pass, the offense executes the running play, but blockers do not go downfield so that a pass can be thrown. If man coverage is called, the quarterback looks to see if the slot receiver is able to get seperation from the defender in coverage, especially if no safety is playing the deep middle of the field. 0000000571 00000 n Strong back and guard double read the ILB (Mike) and the back check-releases. Outstanding breakdown. Fire 2/Fire 3: I got this term from this page, which alters the terminology slightly (so ignore this sheet for this article, except for fire 2/fire 3). Stay means a back or tight-end does not release (they block for the whole play). In the playbook this article is based off of, Walsh uses three digits. Unless a specific protection says otherwise, players not mentioned use the rules described above. Run-game terminology is much more simple. Some teams may refer to it as the triangle. The West Coast offense is a fast-paced system that relies on short and quick throws to sure-handed receivers who run precise horizontal routes. If youre a fan of the NFL, youve probably heard the term West Coast Offense. You have also probably seen or heard NFL content where a coach or player says an incredibly long play-name that sounds like a language only C-3PO could translate. If you were to compare this to warfare, think of the running game as your infantry, and the forward pass as planes, tanks and armor support. If the call is 314 the slide is going to the left, and 315 means the slide is going to the right. Pocket/Cup Protection, and 2. The Pivot passing concept has an outside receiver running a dig route over the top of the inside receiver next to him, who is running a pivot (zig zag) route. A Financial Overview, What Is a Cycle in Baseball? 228/229: Slide protection to the weak-side (away from TE). The back to the strong-side scats and the strong guard/uncovered lineman scat protects. means a back or tight-end does not release (they block for the whole play). Ohio is a features two receiver route combo that has outside receiver running a go route, while the inside receiver runs an out route. However, the Walsh offense wanted to use quick, short passes as a partial substitute for a traditional running game. The Ultimate Guide, Volleyball Scoring 101: The Ultimate Guide to Keeping Score. In slide protection, you BOB to the call side, and slide to the other side, with the uncovered lineman on the slide side checking the Will LB first (because in slide, the sliding linemen are responsible for the Will LB), then look for the OLB to that side. This allows the quarterback to understand the timing for each play and know where to look to pass. If the OLB does not blitz, the back releases. Initially, Reid treated the quarterback in his system like an NBA point guard, using short accurate passes to get talented pass catchers the ball in space. Answer 1 of 17: Hi all, thanks to previous posts I have been able to understand quite a bit about the trains and connections in Frankfurt- but I would like advice on the following: I will be in Frankfurt from Aug 31-Sept 5 and would like to do a few day trips. 2 means fake action to the right, and 3 means fake action to the left. Against zone coverage, look for the tight end to be open as he crossing the field, especially if another receiver is running pass route underneath or over the top of him. Ideally he quarterback will look to throw the receiver running the shallow cross. In the West Coast system, there are countless formations to run the offense out of. What we like about it is its a simple high/low read for the quarterback to make. It can be ran from three, two, or one-back formations. When you run pocket protection, the uncovered lineman to each side double-reads ILB to OLB to that side. Walsh ended up winning three Super Bowls utilizing the West Coast offense and was named the NFL Coach of the Year in 1981 and the NFC Coach of the Year in 1984. Runs to a back at 6-7 yards behind the QB (so a tailback). The guard or uncovered lineman to the weak-side must now scat protect to that side, meaning they double read the ILB to OLB on the weak-side. 300 is an AGGRESSIVE slide protection (so slide protection with the O-line and backs attacking and holding their blocks at the line of scrimmage (LOS). They release if the ILB does not blitz. Runs to an offset back at a depth of 4-5 yards coming across the formation/behind the QB (so like a fullback in an offset-I, or a halfback next to the fullback). Odd numbers mean the TE is to the left. 1985 BYU Passing Offense.pdf. The terminology you will see in this article are being borrowed from this 356 page, 1985 49ers Playbook that can be found on Google. The two outside receivers next him both run short in routes. While its similar, the Spread doesnt rely on timing as heavily as the West Coast system, but rather on creating holes across the defense to be taken advantage of. This article does NOT cover all the pass pro terminology in this playbook, but it covers all the basics. The weak-side back has OLB, and the strong-side back has ILB/extra/garbage. Operation Sports Forums > Football > EA Sports College Football Offensive schemes and tactics Most Anticipated Sports Games of 2023 Five Ways EA Sports PGA Tour Can Improve Golf Career Modes We know that on first down our ball-control passing is vital. understanding the concepts behind our basic run and pass schemes is essential. When there are two backs in the backfield, default rules have both backs going to the same side. If the number called is even, it means the TE is to the right. Its the same slide protection described earlier, and as I said before, Ill be doing a more in-depth article on this protection in the future, because its so popular and favored today. The QB takes a 5-step drop, and the protection becomes slide protection (in other version of the WCO, you see 200/300 as both slide protection, and a 3-step drop). The schemes are often based in West Coast or Air Coryell concepts, but incorporate a lot more options in the run game, quarterback reads are minimized, and routes are simplified. 90s: Runs to a back at 6-7 yards behind the QB (so a tailback). CoachingKidz.comis a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking A common Flood concept would be to have one receiver run a flat, second receiver runs a deep out, and the third runs a go route such as shown in the diagram above. Passing Game Clinics 2021. What exactly is the West Coast offense in football? Play action means the offense will fake a run, then throw a pass. West Coast offenses love to use concepts like Lion and Dragon to get the ball into the hands of the receiver while they're on the move. Default rules tell backs in protection if their defenders do not blitz (no dog), they release. Sometimes, this style is called nickel and dime defenses. 598 means they fake a 98 run and the line protects the gap to their backside (left), and 599 means they fake a 99 run and the line protects the gap to their backside (right). I will write another article that does a deep dive into slide protection, because its arguably the most popular and favored pass protection in football today. However, this is an efficient offense that has proven to be more than capable of winning championships. It's a great concept: the shallow pulls the linebackers while the square-in -- aptly known in Airraid . The TE is not blocking at all, and both backs go weak, so there are only lineman blocking to the strong-side, requiring the scat protection. It worked; the Packers won Super . If that defender does not blitz (no dog), they then look to block the outside defender. If the OLB does not blitz, the back releases. Level Contributor . 88/89: Requires a TE on each side. O-D Kick Game Install 2021. If no one comes, the lineman assists to their side, or picks up any garbage they happen to see coming through. 300 is an AGGRESSIVE slide protection (so slide protection with the O-line and backs attacking and holding their blocks at the line of scrimmage (LOS). Play action is where the offense fakes a run in an attempt to make the defense react to the run, then uses the quarterback to roll out and pass to a receiver running down the field. Even in the West Coast offense run by some other guys the Ravens have interviewed, like Gary Kubiak, it's pretty specific what you need to make it work including a stout O-line because running backs are used primarily as pass catchers instead of extra blockers. Walsh ignored the critics and at the end of his career Walshs system started a new era in the NFL with the passing attack being the focus of offenses. The first was using the timing of the quarterback dropbacks to set the pace for the play. 1995 BYU OFF.pdf. Please, The West Coast Offense Walsh used primarily relies on numbers to call pass protections. Triangle-O Football Clients Homepage. The idea is to anticipate a defensive blitz, get the quick fake to hesitate LBs and the secondary, then quickly get the ball out to the TE or 2nd back. Due to innovations in offenses, the WCO has also been implemented for shotgun-based offenses. 30s: Trap and toss plays from an offset back at 4-5 yards. 76/77: Weak flow with scat protection to the strong-side: The TE is now free releasing. Romo will turn out to be an all time announcer for CBS. 29. by Mike Tanier. The QB should see/feel the backs movement on this, telling them to quickly drop back and look to throw to the hot route, or get into the progression.